Teach idioms - check the Basic ESL Resources page for some web links to good idiom collections and exercises.
Find a "friendly" dictionary and teach your student how to use it. Longman's Dictionary of American English is a good example.
You may have to teach some basic grammatical structures to assist comprehension. Find a good grammar book to
use as a reference. Check the Reading & Writing Resources page for web links to good grammar sites.
Periodically give writing assignments and keep track of the grammar mistakes that are made so you can work on them.
Practice oral reading to improve rhythm and intonation. We recommend Jazz Chants by Carolyn Graham,
Oxford University Press (1979), which you will find in our library.
Encourage your student to listen to the radio, taped books or music lyrics.
Teach general comprehension strategies such as drawing conclusions, finding the main idea, reading for specific
information, sequencing material, making predictions, understanding text organization, summarizing.
Check the Reading & Writing section for lesson ideas.
You may have to supply some background information just as you would for a native speaker.